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英语常用词用法详解大词典affair

发布于:2023-07-21 作者:jason 阅读:584

  affair

  n. (affairs)

  双解释义

  1. 发生的事情; 大事; 事件 sth that happens; an event

  2. 需要做的或需要思考的事情; 事务 sth that you need to do or think about; business

  基本要点

  1.affair的意思是“事,事情,事务”,含义很广,可指已经发生的、所关心的或必须做的任何事情。

  2.affair的复数形式(其前不加冠词)不指许多件事,而指重大的或头绪较多的事务。口语中affair(单数)可模糊地或故意模棱两可地表示“东西”“物品”或“事件”。

  3.affair用于委婉语时指“男女之间的事”,类似于汉语中的“那事儿”。多指不正当男女关系,也可指正常恋爱。

  词汇搭配

  动词+~

  administer ~s处理〔管理〕事务

  arrange ~s安排事务

  carry on an ~ with sb 与某人私通

  close an ~了结一件事情

  conduct ~s处理事情

  cover up an ~掩盖一件事

  deal with ~s处理事务

  deal with ~s of state处理国家事务

  debate current ~s辩论时事

  direct the ~s of other countries对别国的事情指手画脚

  discuss the ~ of讨论…事情

  handle ~s of state处理国家事务

  have an ~ with sb 与某人发生暧昧关系,与某人私通

  hush up an ~隐瞒一件事,秘而不宣

  hush up one’s ~ with sb 遮掩与某人的暧昧关系

  investigate an ~调查一件事情

  leave an ~ in sb’s hand把一件事托付某人做

  manage ~s处理事务

  put one’s ~s into another’s hands托别人管自己的事

  run ~s处理事务

  settle ~s解决事情

  settle one’s ~s在遗嘱中安排自己的事

  straighten out an ~整顿一件事

  take the ~处理这件事

  undertake the ~承担那件事

  wind up the ~结束事情

  形容词+~

  big ~大事,盛举

  casual ~偶然的风流韵事

  complicated ~错综复杂的事情

  cool ~冷冷清清的事情

  delicate ~微妙的事情

  disastrous ~灾难性的事件

  dull ~没趣的事,单调乏味的活动

  formal ~正式的社交活动

  framed ~预谋的事件

  much-talked-of ~街谈巷议的事

  pitiful ~伤心的事

  quiet ~不声张的事

  regretful ~遗憾的事

  romantic ~风流韵事

  secret ~私通

  serious ~大事,正事,严肃的事

  sinister ~不幸的事情

  small ~小事

  tempestuous ~狂恋

  terrible ~可怕的事情

  tragic ~悲惨的事件

  trifling ~小事,琐事

  very small ~极琐碎的事

  wonderful ~奇异的事情

  worldly ~世俗事务

  absurd ~荒谬的事

  annual ~一年一度的事情

  exciting ~激动人心的事

  extramarital ~婚外恋

  illicit ~通奸

英语常用词用法详解大词典affair

  informal ~非正式的社交活动

  ugly ~丑事

  unpleasant ~令人不快的事

  civil ~s民事

  cultural ~s文化事务

  current ~s时事

  day-to-day ~s日常事务

  domestic ~s家务,国内事务,内政

  everyday ~s日常琐事

  external ~s外事

  financial ~s财政事务

  internal ~s内政

  international ~s国际事务

  legal ~s法律方面的事务

  military ~s军事

  municipal ~s市政

  national ~sXXXXXXXX事务

  personal ~s个人的事情,私事

  political ~s政治事务

  private ~s个人的事情,私事

  public ~s公众事务

  whole ~整个事件

  名词+~

  love ~恋爱事件,风流韵事,强烈的爱好

  business ~sXXXXXXXX

  community ~s社区事务

  family ~s家务事

  foreign ~s外交事务,外事

  government ~政务

  household ~s家务事

  veterans ~s退伍军人事务

  介词+~

  man of ~s事业家,实业家

  state of ~s事态,形势

  in a pretty state of ~s麻烦的处境,处境尴尬

  the bottom of ~这件事的真相

  the Ministry of Foreign A~外交部

  on business ~s因公事

  on public ~s因公事

  attitude towards the ~对这件事的态度

  ~+介词

  the ~ between sb and sb else某人与某人间的暧昧关系

  ~ at present目前的事态

  ~ of a business业务

  ~ of great importance大事

  ~ of great moment大事

  ~ of honor决斗

  ~ of love私通

  ~ of no consequence无关紧要的事

  ~ of several hours几个小时的事

  ~ of state国家大事

  ~ of the heart恋爱事件

  ~ of the university大学的事务

  ~ with sb 与某人的暧昧关系

  love ~ with travelling对旅游的强烈爱好

英语常用词用法详解大词典affair

  句型例句

  What is your attitude towards the affair?你对这件事的态度怎样?

  He must take the affair in his own hands.他必须亲自处理这件事。

  He is not yet experienced in that kind of affairs.他对于处理那件事还没有经验。

  I know nothing of legal affairs.我对法律方面的事情一无所知。

  The dean usually has an assistant to help with student’s affairs.系主任一般有助手协助办理学生方面的事务。

  If you will undertake the affair I shall be very grateful.要是你愿意承办此事,我将不胜感激。

  The dispute is a long affair.这一争议由来已久。

  The wedding was a very quiet affair.那个婚礼办得静悄悄的。

  The affair has taken a new turn.此事已有新的转机。

  The affair remains a complete mystery.这件事仍完全是个谜。

  They are going to investigate affairs.他们将对事态进行调查。

  It’s an affair of three-day journey.这是一个三日行程之事。

  The whole affair from start to finish did not occupy more than thirty seconds.整个事件从开始到结束不超过30秒钟。

  He investigated the affair of his friend’s disappearance.他调查了他朋友失踪的事件。

  I tried to reassure her, and to make light of the whole affair.我极力使她安心,并努力淡化整个可怕的事情。

  The railway accident was a terrible affair.那次火车事故是个可怕的事情。

  Their quarrel was a terrible affair.他们之间的争吵是件可怕的事情。

  The affair between the manager and his secretary caused a scandal in the small town.那位经理和他的秘书间的风流韵事在小城里成为一宗丑闻。

  The two men appeared to be quarrelling, but I soon realized that it was a put-up affair, and not genuine.这两个人看来像是在吵架,但我很快就发现这是假装的,不是真的。

  I was glad to be let out of that nasty affair, and have someone more experienced handle the trouble.我真高兴能从那件棘手的事情中解脱出来,让更有经验的人去对付那个难题。

  How are your affairs going?你的情况怎样?

  As affairs stand,I will not go.照目前的情况,我不想去。

  Affairs are in a good condition.目前情况很好。

  What is the actual state of affairs?目前的形势如何?

  Affairs at present are very unsettled.目前的事态很不稳定。

  This is an impossible state of affairs.这是无法忍受的情况。

  He told us how affairs stood in the countryside.他告诉了我们乡下的情况。

  The nation’s internal affairs are bad.这个国家的内部情况很乱。

  That’s my affair.这不XXXXXXXX的事。

  This is no affair of mine.这不是我的事。

  Mind your own affairs.少管闲事。

  Don’t worry about that—it’s not your affair.别操心了——那不是你的事。

  It is nothing, just a trifle affair.这没有什么,只不过小事一桩。

  The journey from Beijing to Shanghai is now only an affair two hours by plane.现在从北京到上海乘飞机只不过是两小时的事。

  The exhibition will be a big affair.这次展出将是一个盛举。

  The annual dance is a grand affair, and involves the whole town.一年一度的舞会是件大事,况且涉及全镇居民。

  Seeing a book through the press is a laborious and time-wasting affair.将一本书印刷出版是一件吃力而又耗费时间的事。

  The project was an important but time-consuming affair.这项工程很重要,但耗费时间。

  She does the domestic affairs.她每天都忙家务。

  Running a household is a complex affair.料理家务是一件复杂的事情。

  Leave me alone, mind your own affairs.别管我,去照料自己的事吧。

  She is quite able to manage her own affairs.她完全有能力处理自己的事。

  What I do in my spare time is my own affair.我业余时间干什么是我自己的事。

  He resents people poking their noses into his private affairs.他讨厌人家干预他的私事。

  They don’t want to get mixed up in it because it isn’t their affair.因为那不是他们的事儿,所以他们不想参与。

  You cannot expect your son to manage his affairs satisfactorily.你不能指望你的儿子把自己的事情料理得令人满意。

  I left my affairs in the hands of my son and went to Beijing.我把我的事务交给我儿子后就上北京了。

  Edison has had the gift of picking the right men to handle his affairs.爱迪生具有挑选合适人选处理他事务的才能。

  We should concern ourselves with state affairs.我们要关心国家大事。

  He is an expert in foreign affairs.他对外交深有研究。

  Foreign affairs should be handled carefully.处理对外事务要谨慎XXXXXXXX。

  The ministry administers the internal affairs.这个部主管内政事务。

  The Prime Minister is kept busy with affairs of state.XXXXXXXX忙于国务。

  The chairman has many affairs to look after.XXXXXXXX有许多事务要处理。

  The prime ministers agreed that no country should interfere in another country’s internal affairs.XXXXXXXX们同意一个国家不应该干预别国内政。

  The internal affairs of any state, whether it’s big or small, do not allow of external interference.国家虽有大小,但它的内政是不容许外国干涉的。

  We are quite explicit about political affairs.我们对政治问题态度十分明朗。

  The Federal Republic agrees to conduct its affairs in conformity with the principles stated in the сharter.联邦共和国同意按照XXXXXXXX所述各条原则处理国家事务。

  Participation in public affairs is encouraged.参与公共事务是受到鼓励的。

  She’s being very decent about the whole affair.关于全部事务她一直满意。

  Breakfast was a very subdued affair.早餐吃得很压抑。

  The party was a vast and lavish affair.宴会规模很大,办得很豪华。

  She accompanied him to an affair at the Newspaper Photographers’ Association.她陪他去摄影记者协会参加一次招待会。

  The retired engineer takes an active part in neighbourhood affairs.这位退休工程师积极参加街道活动。

  What’s that strange-looking affair over there?那边那个奇形怪状的东西是什么?

  This machine is a complicated affair.这机器是件很复杂的东西。

  The candy box is really a little pretty affair.那件糖果盒真是件可爱的小玩意儿。

  His car is only a second-hand affair.他的汽车不过是辆XXXXXXXX货。

  The building is not an unsightly affair.那幢大楼不难看。

  In the beginning it was a pretty affair.开始时它相当漂亮。

  The meeting was a noisy affair.会议开得吵吵闹闹。

  The luncheon was simply a dull affair.那次午餐简直没有趣味。

  His anger is an affair of no consequence.他的愤怒无关紧要。

  Life would be a dull affair.人生也许会单调乏味。

  Lunch was delicious, a very American affair.午餐很可口,很有美国风味。

  They are mostly one-storey frame affairs.它们多数是木板平房。

  The concert was rather an amateurish affair.这场音乐会颇有些外行客串的味道。

  Haas has had an affair with the pretty girl.哈斯爱上了那个漂亮姑娘。

  She had numerous love affairs before marriage.婚前她谈过许多次恋爱。

  It is rumoured that he is having an affair with his secretary.谣传他和他的秘书有暧昧关系。

  He attempted to cover up his affair with that fat woman.他企图掩盖他和那胖女人之间的暧昧关系。

  It is rumoured that Tom is having an affair with Mary.谣传汤姆正和玛丽搞男女关系。

  It was said that Jim had affairs with Joan.据说吉姆和琼有了风流事。

  常用短语

  ?settle one’s affairs

  (尤指远行、入伍等之前)把个人事务料理停当 (especially before go far or join the army, etc.) finish personal affair well

  I have to settle my affairs before leaving here.离开这儿以前,我得把一些私人的事情安排妥当。

  词语辨异

  ?affair, business, concern, matter, thing

  这组词在含糊地指那些所做的事时意义相近,常可互换。例如:

  It is a regretful affair〔business, concern, matter, thing〕.这是一件遗憾的事。

  I don’t talk to her about private affairs〔business, concerns, matters, things〕.我从不和她谈私事。

  它们之间的区别在于:

  1.从模糊程度上看, affair

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标签: #affair #affairs #事务 #事情 #处理

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